El Movimiento was focused on a fight for civil and political rights of its people, and sought to bring attention to their struggles for equality across southwest America and expand throughout the United States.
Image courtesy of Chicano Art. Mural, "March on Washington" by Antonio Garcia.
Image courtesy of Linda Leinen Photography. Fresco, "Immaculate Conception," by Antonio Garcia. Courtesy of the Diocese of Corpus Christi. The Chicano mural movement began in the s in Mexican-American barrios throughout the Southwest.
Artists began using the walls of city buildings, housing projects, schools, and churches to depict Mexican-American culture. Two other Latino predecessors were Antonio Garcia and Xavier Gonzalezwho painted murals in the s under the auspices of the Work Projects Administration art projects.
It was influenced by the Bonus March in Washington D. Gonzalez, who went on to Chicano arts movement acclaim as a sculptor, painted a mural for the San Antonio Municipal Auditorium in It was later removed because of public outcry over the "upraised fist and a palm with a bleeding wound" depicted in it.
The mural movement depicted such cultural motifs and heroes as Quetzalcoatl from the pre-Columbian era, Francisco Pancho Villa from the revolutionary period, and Cleto L.
Around the state, most of the artists, some formally trained and others self-taught, worked in collaboration with community volunteers, often teenagers who were recruited for specific projects, to fashion the murals. Image courtesy of El Paso County. In El Paso more than murals have been painted since the mids.
Photograph, mural on one of homes at the Cassiano public housing project in San Antonio, Texas.
Image courtesy of Michelle Rodriguez Photography. The Cassiano public housing project, for instance, has been the site of numerous murals, many of them painted under the direction of the Community Cultural Arts Organization, which was organized in CCAO chief artist Anastacio "Tacho" Torres has recruited teams of student artists to complete works that depict an array of subjects: More than murals had been completed in the city by the early s.
As in El Paso, efforts to record the existence of these works have occurred. Image courtesy of The Portal to Texas History. Sylvia Orozco, codirector of Mexic-Artehas also painted murals, among them one for the Chicano Culture Room in the student union building of the University of Texas at Austin.
Arriba, November December 15, United by political activism and cultural pride, a significant element to the Chicano Movement was the development of Chicano Art 1. The Chicano Art Movement, also termed as "Chicano Renaissance," used art as part of the struggle to achieve new and more credible human values 2.
The Chicano mural movement began in the s in Mexican-American barrios throughout the Southwest. Artists began using the walls of city buildings, housing projects, schools, and churches to depict Mexican-American culture.
From the ranks of this movement came "artists, poets and actors who collectively generated a cultural renaissance and whose work played a key role in creating the ideology of the Chicano movement." One of the underlying and unifying principles of this artistic movement was the concept of Chicanismo.
Traditionally defined as artwork created by Americans of Mexican descent, Chicano art is heavily influenced by the Chicano Movement in the United States (also known as El Movimiento, part of the countercultural revolution of the late s and early s). This renaissance in the arts was in fact the birth and flowering of a Chicano world view or Chicano aesthetic and because of its close alliance with and commitment to social change and political activism it is known today as the Chicano Art Movement.
Since the Chicano Movement in the s, Chicana and Chicano art has expressed historical counter-narratives, encouraged political activism and mobilization, and unified and educated communities.
Here are eight of the most influential Chicana and Chicano artists in Los Angeles, whose works advanced.