Wilson College Chambersburg, PA There are differences between the honor codes of different universities. The University of Virginia opts for a system run by elected students and involving randomly chosen students.
The other pages discuss: Residential colleges have developed over the centuries under different local conditions, and this has led to a certain amount of variation in their administrative structure. In particular, the responsibilities of the senior officers differ somewhat from college to college and from university to university, and their titles differ even more.
What follows does not pretend to be a comparative study of the history of residential colleges. Instead, it is a practical guide for those who want to get new colleges started. The particular arrangements I describe are ones that have worked well in American universities, and the distribution of responsibilities given here is especially good for colleges that are just becoming established.
In addition to a recommended general pattern, I also describe some variations that may deserve consideration depending upon your local circumstances. If you are starting a new college I invite you to directly copy any of the structures and procedures described here, and then adjust them as needed over time as your college develops.
The fundamental administrative principle to remember throughout this discussion is that residential colleges are academic societies made up of students and faculty. As academic units of a university, residential colleges should report up through the academic hierarchy of the institution to the provost or university chancellor in the same way that academic departments do.
If your institution has a student affairs division that provides support to the residential colleges, that division should be clearly subordinated to the academic affairs division, and the residential college officers should be in charge of hiring and supervising those student affairs employees who are detailed to support the colleges.
Some of the support staff of each college will ordinarily come from the business affairs division maintenance employees, security officers, and the likebut all residential college policies and procedures should be established by the faculty.
In drafting all these recommendations I have assumed that my readers are interested in creating residential colleges that are internal to an existing university.
Such colleges will necessarily differ in a number of ways from the colleges of Oxford and Cambridge and some elsewherewhich are not creatures of a central university, but are instead legally independent, self-governing corporations.
The Oxford and Cambridge colleges are related to their universities in a way that is not unlike the federal relationship of the fifty United States to the national government.
The historical counterpart in America of the corporate colleges of Oxford and Cambridge is actually the independent liberal arts college, which is a residential college that functions by itself as its own university.
A university, historically, is a degree-granting body, whereas a college is not; a college is a residential society one belongs to while studying for a university degree. An interesting historical vestige can be seen at Harvard, which was established in the seventeenth century as an independent corporation on the model of the Oxford and Cambridge colleges but not on the model of Oxford and Cambridge Universities.
The fellows of Harvard College, however, long ago lost their teaching function and they exist today six in number, in addition to the president as the equivalent of a board of trustees.
The recommendations below are divided into three principal sections: The Ideal Size of a Residential College 1. Given a properly cross-sectional residential college with equal membership from all four undergraduate classes, an annual intake of will yield a college with junior members plus an assortment of senior members, bringing the total to perhaps Inclusion of graduate students which is desirable would require some adjustments to the class representation, but should not be allowed to change the annual intake significantly.
It means that a clear majority of the people in the college at the beginning of every year will be established members who are familiar with how things work and who are in a position to assist the newcomers.
Indeed, it is precisely because the overall population is small—about —that enterprising individuals can have a significant impact. Consider the consequences of a different arrangement: A new college that is being started from scratch is in a particularly difficult position with respect to size and social cohesion.
A better plan, if possible, is to stagger the completion of the buildings: This sequence has the added advantage of allowing the members of the college to participate in a series of formal opening ceremonies, contributing significantly to their sense of ownership of the new college.
Keep major roads outside these neighborhoods. Residential College Senior Members and Staff The senior members of a residential college are the master, the dean, and the various fellows and associates of the college; the junior members are the students. The Master or President or Principal — The master or president or principal is the head of the college, and should represent the college to the university and the local community.
College masters should be established scholars who are highly-regarded in the university, and who are known for their concern for student welfare.
It will be advantageous if they have some administrative experience, since one of their primary responsibilities is the oversight of college budgets and property, and they should be skilled at working within the university to improve the educational environment. College masters should be appointed for terms of five years at least, and should be provided with living quarters and some meals in the college dining hall 2.
It is essential that the senior positions in a college be of long duration:An academic honor code or honor system is a set of rules or ethical principles governing an including expulsion from the institution.
Honor codes are used to deter academic a foundation of honor among individuals must exist if that community is to thrive with respect and harmony among its members. An honor system is an ideal mechanism. Honorary Members The Investment Casting Institute has created this special category of distinguished recognition for individuals who have generously given of themselves for the benefit of the industry and the Institute.
Ben Weider holds several honorary degrees and decorations. He was awarded the first of all French decorations, the Legion d'Honneur, founded by Napoleon in , for his work in Napoleonic history, and he received the Distinguished Medal of . People live in the present.
They plan for and worry about the future. History, however, is the study of the past. Given all the demands that press in from living in the present and anticipating what is yet to come, why bother with what has been? Given all the desirable and available branches of.
Is it time we ditched honorary degrees? To be in the honorary game, an institution does, of course, need its own stock of honour to bestow. The essay is failing us. Discuss. September 13, Best universities in the UK.
September 5, Henry Hudson's ship, the Half Moon arrives in the "New World" mostly likely carrying African slaves. The Dutch were deeply involved in the African slave trade and brought the trade to the American colonies.
The Dutch built and grew wealthy on an Atlantic empire of sugar, slaves, and ships.