Tensions In Darfur Tensions In Darfur Beginning in and with raging conflict to present day, tensions in Darfur, a region of Sudan has been constant.
While the two agreeing parties were trying to implement the agreement, the non-signatories were still in war with the Government of Sudan; therefore, it became clear they were not going to join the agreement.
UNAMID has thus far been the second largest peacekeeping mission that works on peace-building and promotion of the rule of law. Many Sudanese and non-Sudanese have had the opportunity to first-hand experience working with the United Nations.
The consultancy was on facilitating a workshop the Mission organized on a legal aid bill that has not seen the light of day. More specifically, my comments have to do with the implementation of its mandate and some unintended effects.
It is the first hybrid mission to be established by the United Nations, and it is an apparent indication of increasing cooperation between the International Organization and regional blocs and institutions on peace and security issues 2.
Interestingly, wars and conflicts in some situations do not only create crises and tragedies; they also create and help spread ideas— good ideas and bad ideas— that fundamentally shape and change societies.
The Mission has been playing a leading role in that. It has organized so many workshops and training courses on human rights, the rule of law, and peace-building for internally displaced persons IDPscivil society organizations, and law enforcement bodies, especially the Sudanese police in Darfur.
It has also built a school in the Prison that has enabled students from the Prison to sit for the elementary and secondary school exams. At the professional level, the local Sudanese and Darfuri staff members have been able to gain experiences from the international staff members.
Some of those international staff members have several years of experience serving in different countries and environments around the world. When the Mission leaves Darfur, the expertise they would leave behind would certainly have some positive effect on Sudanese institutions its former local staff might join or rejoin.
In addition, it would help them find employment opportunities with other international organizations in Sudan and elsewhere in the world.
Perhaps within its inexplicit obligations, the Mission organizes and gets involved in social activities such as English courses and organizes informal discussion sessions for the youth and women and football soccer matches for the youth in IDP camps.
However, in situations where there are shootings or attacks against civilians, in general, and IDPs, in particular, the relationship between the two—i. For instance, IDPs would refuse to make any statements or cooperate with the Mission.
In situations, where there are no issues on which the IDPs could possibly blame the Mission, the relationship remains good, thanks to the social activities organized by the Mission 5. As the Mission spends millions of dollars every month and employs individuals from the region and Sudan, at large, as local staff members, the economic situation has tremendously improved in the cities and towns where the Mission has bases and presence, especially among merchants, real estate owners, and small businesses.
For instance, Nyala, the capital of South Darfur, has today become one of the most economically vibrant cities in Sudan. Just like anywhere else in the world, the increase in income in some places in Darfur has resulted in raising the costs of living, something that has negatively affected those with limited or no incomes.
In addition, the departure of the Mission without a plan from the part of the Government of Sudan to make alternative employment opportunities available to its current local employees, will, no doubt, create a serious unemployment problem.
Because there has generally been no peace to be kept in Darfur, one of the primary responsibilities of the Mission is rather to help achieve peace. In this context, the Mission has been very much involved in peacemaking rather than peacekeeping.
That has been one of the positive roles of the Mission.
At the leadership level, the Mission has been meeting with the leaders of the rebel movements and Sudanese government officials to encourage them to engage in dialogue with one another.The Darfur war has significant social and political aspects.
Hence the flaring up of the crisis in Darfur can only end when there is a long lasting balance of power between the two warring groups (Kumar, ).
Even with the said failure by the humanitarian group to bring sanity into . However, as Darfur's suffering continues a year on from the deployment of the much-lauded hybrid United Nations African Mission in Darfur (Unamid), it is time for the UN to reflect on why this.
By Eric Reeves. July 31, - The failure of the UN/African Union ("hybrid") Mission in Darfur (UNAMID) has become overwhelmingly conspicuous. The HRW report describes UNAMID's ability to protect civilians as "hamstrung”. Its convoys often come under attack, and they have been repeatedly accused of covering up government attacks.
Sudan has a long history of atrocities in Darfur. The outgoing Head of the African Union-United Nations Mission in Darfur (UNAMID), Mohamed Ibn Chambas, speaks about UNAMID’s significant achievements in the implementation of the Mission’s core mandate: the protection of the civilians in Darfur.
A new United Nations report paints a grim picture of “systemic failure, or outright refusal” by authorities in Darfur to take human rights violations seriously and points to the failure of initiatives taken so far by the Government to combat “endemic impunity.”.
The Darfur war has significant social and political aspects. Hence the flaring up of the crisis in Darfur can only end when there is a long lasting balance of power between the two warring groups (Kumar, ). Even with the said failure by the humanitarian group to bring sanity into . Across Darfur, people wanted the destructive war to end and UNAMID’s birth while its predecessor, the person African Union Mission in Sudan (AMIS) was failing, gave hope to the people of Darfur that at least the violations committed by different parties against civilians would end, even if the achievement of peace and stability was . The HRW report describes UNAMID's ability to protect civilians as "hamstrung”. Its convoys often come under attack, and they have been repeatedly accused of covering up government attacks. Sudan has a long history of atrocities in Darfur.