Many Britons for example, ascribed the Russian Revolution to an "apparent conjunction of Bolsheviks, Germans and Jews. The expression made an issue out of the Jewishness of some leading Bolsheviks such as Leon Trotsky during and after the October Revolution. Daniel Pipes said that "primarily through the Protocols of the Elders of Zion, the Whites spread these charges to an international audience. The Jews were restricted to live within the Pale of Settlement and suffered pogroms.
The revolution, which consisted mainly of strikes throughout the Russian empire, came to an end when Nicholas II promised reforms, including the adoption of a Russian constitution and the establishment of an elected legislature. However, once order was restored, the czar nullified most of these reforms, and in Lenin was again forced into exile.
Lenin opposed World War Iwhich began inas an imperialistic conflict and called on proletariat soldiers to turn their guns on the capitalist leaders who sent them down into the murderous trenches. For Russia, World War I was an unprecedented disaster: Russian casualties were greater than those sustained by any nation in any previous war.
Meanwhile, the Russian economy was hopelessly disrupted by the costly war effort, and in March riots and strikes broke out in Petrograd over the scarcity of food. Demoralized army troops joined the strikers, and on March 15, Nicholas II was forced to abdicate, ending centuries of czarist rule.
After the outbreak of the February Revolution, German authorities allowed Lenin and his lieutenants to cross Germany en route from Switzerland to Sweden in a sealed railway car. Berlin hoped correctly that the return of the anti-war Socialists to Russia would undermine the Russian war effort, which was continuing under the Provisional Government.
Lenin became the virtual dictator of the first Marxist state in the world. His government made peace with Germany, nationalized industry, and distributed land, but beginning in had to fight a devastating civil war against czarist forces.
Petrograd was renamed Leningrad in his honor. After a struggle for succession, fellow revolutionary Joseph Stalin succeeded Lenin as leader of the Soviet Union.History of the Bolshevik Party, from its inception until the October Revolution.
Available from Wellred in paper copy and as an ebook 'Bolshevism: The Road to Revolution' is a comprehensive history of the Bolshevik Party, from its early beginnings through to the seizure of power in October This important work was first published in. Jun 30, · Overview of the Bolshevik Revolution and the end of the Romanov Dynasty.
Bolshevik: Bolshevik, member of a wing of the Russian Social-Democratic Workers’ Party, which, led by Vladimir Lenin, seized control of the government in Russia (October ) and became the dominant political power in that country. Learn more about the history and beliefs of the Bolsheviks in this article.
 Rabinowitch, The Bolsheviks Come to Power, p.  Trotsky, History of the Russian Revolution, p.  Cited in Rabinowitch, The Bolsheviks Come to Power, p. Jun 30, · Overview of the Bolshevik Revolution and the end of the Romanov Dynasty. In October, Lenin secretly returned to Petrograd, and on November the Bolshevik-led Red Guards deposed the Provisional Government and proclaimed soviet rule.
By April , the split between the Bolsheviks and the Mensheviks had become permanent. The Bolshevik hierarchy held a meeting in London to decide what to do next, whereas the Mensheviks, as if to emphasise the split, held a meeting at the same time – but in Geneva, Switzerland.
No Menshevik went to London and no Bolshevik went to Geneva.
MIA: Soviet History: J. V. Stalin Archive. First Published: Publisher: APPEARANCE OF THE BOLSHEVIK AND THE MENSHEVIK GROUPS WITHIN THE PARTY ( - ) 1. Upsurge of the Revolutionary Movement in Russia in Rise of the Revolutionary Movement in the Period 2.
The Bolshevik Newspaper Pravda. The Bolshevik Group in. Following the Civil War, the Ku Klux Klan emerges to suppress and victimize newly freed slaves.