Willy believes wholeheartedly in the American Dream of easy success and wealth, but he never achieves it. Nor do his sons fulfill his hope that they will succeed where he has failed. The overwhelming tensions caused by this disparity, as well as those caused by the societal imperatives that drive Willy, form the essential conflict of Death of a Salesman.
Miller uses the Loman family — Willy, Linda, Biff, and Happy — to construct a self-perpetuating cycle of denial, contradiction, and order versus disorder. Willy had an affair over 15 years earlier than the real time within the play, and Miller focuses on the affair and its aftermath to reveal how individuals can be defined by a single event and their subsequent attempts to disguise or eradicate the event.
Biff realizes that Willy has created a false image of himself for his family, society, and even for himself. Willy is not an invincible father or a loyal husband or a fantastically successful salesman like he wants everyone to believe.
He fails to appreciate his wife. And he cannot acknowledge the fact that he is only marginally successful.
Hence, Willy fantasizes about lost opportunities for wealth, fame, and notoriety. Even so, it would be incorrect to state that Miller solely criticizes Willy.
Instead, Miller demonstrates how one individual can create a self-perpetuating cycle that expands to include other individuals.
This is certainly the case within the Loman family. Until the end of the play, Willy effectively blocks the affair out of his memory and commits himself to a life of denial. He cannot remember what happened, so naturally he does not understand why his relationship with Biff has changed.
Linda and Happy are also drawn into the cycle of denial. Like Willy, he manipulates the truth to create a more favorable reality for himself.
Miller saw his uncles as independent explorers, charting new territories across America. It is noteworthy that Miller does not disclose what type of salesman Willy is.
Willy is an explorer — conqueror of the New England territory — and a dreamer, and this allows the audience to connect with him because everyone has aspirations, dreams, and goals. At one point, Willy was a moderately successful salesman opening new territory in New England, and Biff and Happy viewed him as a model father.
Once Biff discovers the affair, however, he loses respect for Willy as well as his own motivation to succeed. As Willy grows older, making sales is more difficult for him, so he attempts to draw on past success by reliving old memories. Willy loses the ability to distinguish reality from fantasy, and this behavior alienates him from others, thereby diminishing his ability to survive in the present.
The play continues to affect audiences because it allows them to hold a mirror up to themselves. Although most do not commit suicide in the face of adversity, people connect with Willy because he is a man driven to extreme action.
An audience may react with sympathy toward Willy because he believes he is left with no other alternative but to commit suicide. On the other hand, an audience may react with disgust and anger toward Willy, believing he has deserted his family and taken the easy way out.
He made a mistake — one that irrevocably changed his relationship with the people he loves most — and when all of his attempts to eradicate his mistake fail, he makes one grand attempt to correct the mistake.In discussing the character of Willy Loman in Arthur Miller's "Death of a Salesman," the tragedy is overwhelming, the "hero" aspect less clear.
Willy Loman is one of the most tragic characters in. A list of all the characters in Death of a Salesman. The Death of a Salesman characters covered include: Willy Loman, Biff Loman, Linda Loman, Happy Loman, Charley, Bernard, Ben, The Woman, Howard Wagner, Stanley, Miss Forsythe and Letta, Jenny.
Willy Loman's American Dream in Arthur Miller's Death of a Salesman Death of a Salesman is the story of Willy Loman, a middle-class salesman who, in the course of a single day, comes to realize that the American Dream, which he has pursued for 40 years, has failed him. Arthur Miller has emerged as one of the most successful and but it wasn’t until Death of a Salesman was performed in that Miller established himself as a major Willy Loman, the Salesman, enters, carrying two large .
Death of a Salesman is a play written by American playwright Arthur Miller. It won the Pulitzer Prize for Drama and Tony Award for Best Play.
The play premiered on Broadway in February , running for performances, and has been revived on Broadway four times,  winning three Tony Awards for Best Revival.
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